List of Internet top-level domains

7th October 2018 Off By binary

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This list of Internet top-level domain (TLD) extensions contains top-level domains, which are those domains in the DNS root zone of the Domain Name System of the Internet. The official list of all top-level domains is maintained by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) at the Root Zone Database.[1][2] IANA also oversees the approval process for new proposed top-level domains. As of April 2018[update], the root domain contains 1543 top-level domains,[3] while a few have been retired and are no longer functional.

Contents

  • 1 Types
  • 2 Original top-level domains
  • 3 Country code top-level domains
    • 3.1 A
    • 3.2 B
    • 3.3 C
    • 3.4 D
    • 3.5 E
    • 3.6 F
    • 3.7 G
    • 3.8 H
    • 3.9 I, J
    • 3.10 K
    • 3.11 L
    • 3.12 M
    • 3.13 N
    • 3.14 O, P, Q
    • 3.15 R
    • 3.16 S
    • 3.17 T
    • 3.18 U, V
    • 3.19 W, Y, Z
    • 3.20 Notes
  • 4 Internationalized country code top-level domains
    • 4.1 Proposed internationalized ccTLDs
  • 5 ICANN-era generic top-level domains
    • 5.1 English
      • 5.1.1 A
      • 5.1.2 B
      • 5.1.3 C
      • 5.1.4 D
      • 5.1.5 E
      • 5.1.6 F
      • 5.1.7 G
      • 5.1.8 H
      • 5.1.9 I
      • 5.1.10 J, K
      • 5.1.11 L
      • 5.1.12 M
      • 5.1.13 N, O
      • 5.1.14 P, Q
      • 5.1.15 R
      • 5.1.16 S
      • 5.1.17 T, U, V
      • 5.1.18 W, X, Y, Z
    • 5.2 Chinese
    • 5.3 French
    • 5.4 German
    • 5.5 Hindi
    • 5.6 Italian
    • 5.7 Portuguese
    • 5.8 Spanish
  • 6 Internationalized generic top-level domains
    • 6.1 Arabic script
    • 6.2 Chinese characters
    • 6.3 Cyrillic script
    • 6.4 Other script
  • 7 Geographic top-level domains
    • 7.1 Africa
    • 7.2 Asia
    • 7.3 Europe
    • 7.4 North America
    • 7.5 Oceania
    • 7.6 South America
  • 8 Internationalized geographic top-level domains
  • 9 Brand top-level domains
  • 10 Internationalized brand top-level domains
  • 11 Special-Use Domains
  • 12 See also
  • 13 Notes
  • 14 References
  • 15 External links

Types[edit]

Main article: Top-level domain § Types

IANA distinguishes the following groups of top-level domains:[4]

  • infrastructure top-level domain (ARPA)
  • generic top-level domains (gTLD)
  • restricted generic top-level domains (grTLD)
  • sponsored top-level domains (sTLD)
  • country code top-level domains (ccTLD)
  • test top-level domains (tTLD)

Original top-level domains[edit]

Seven generic top-level domains were created early in the development of the Internet, and predate the creation of ICANN in 1998.

  • Name: DNS names
  • Entity: intended use
  • Notes: general remarks
  • IDN: support for internationalized domain names (IDN)
  • DNSSEC: presence of DS records for Domain Name System Security Extensions

Infrastructure top-level domain

Country code top-level domains[edit]

As of May 20, 2017, there were 255 Country code top-level domains. (For comparison, at the same time the United Nations comprised 193 countries.)

A[edit]

B[edit]

C[edit]

D[edit]

E[edit]

F[edit]

G[edit]

H[edit]

I, J[edit]

K[edit]

L[edit]

M[edit]

N[edit]

O, P, Q[edit]

R[edit]

S[edit]

T[edit]

U, V[edit]

W, Y, Z[edit]

Notes[edit]

  • ^ (17 November 2009) Spanish-Portuguese specific characters (á, â, ã, à, é, ê, í, ó, ô, õ, ú, ü, ñ, ç) allowed, as approved by law
  • ^ Mostly latin characters (à á â ã ä å æ ç è é ê ë ì í î ï ð ñ ò ó ô õ ö ø ù ú û ü ý þ ÿ œ š ž), see IDN Zeichentabelle (PDF, in german language).
  • ^ Currently not allowed, but some higher-learning institutions were grandfathered in.
  • ^ “About Internationalized Domain Names” (PDF). Cira.ca. Retrieved 21 October 2014..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output q{quotes:”””””””‘””‘”}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-free a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png”)no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png”)no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png”)no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}
  • ^ Since March 2004, see details
  • ^ IDN not adopted due to lack of public and corporate interest[14]
  • ^ 93 non-ASCII characters, see details
  • ^ (1 January 2004), (æ, ø, å, ö, ä, ü, & é): see details Archived 19 August 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
  • ^ Estonian domain names to incorporate diacritics (IDN) Starting from 13 June 2011 “Archived copy”. Archived from the original on 6 October 2014. Retrieved 5 February 2016.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  • ^ Supported characters (Latin, Greek, Cyrillic): see details Archived 20 December 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
  • ^ (September 2005) Supported characters (Latin): see details
  • ^ a b c d e f (6 December 2011) “Opening to Europe of the .fr, .wf, .re, .yt, .pm, and .tf TLDs”..
    Before restricted to residents of the corresponding French territory.
  • ^ a b c d e “Availability of IDN on the .fr, .yt, .pm, .wf, .tf, and .re TLDs”. Afnic.fr. Archived from the original on 6 August 2014. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  • ^ Support for Greek characters since July 2005, see details Archived 5 November 2013 at the Wayback Machine.
  • ^ “Now, get Internet domain names in regional languages”. The Hindu. The Hindu. Retrieved 11 October 2017.
  • ^ “Idn: un successo”. Nic.it. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  • ^ “.my Domain Registry”. Domainregistry.my. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  • ^ see [1]
  • ^ “F.A.Q. for Domain Names with macrons (IDNs) – .nz Domain Name Commission”. Archived from the original on 5 June 2010. Retrieved 26 July 2010.
  • ^ (8 December 2007): see details[permanent dead link]
  • ^ “www.dns.pl: IDN”. Retrieved 11 September 2003.
  • ^ (October 2003), for Swedish characters, summer 2007 also for Finnish, Meänkieli, Romani, Sami, and Yiddish: see details
  • ^ “IDN Code Points Policy for the .SH Top Level Domain” (PDF). Nic.sh. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 September 2014. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  • ^ Since October 2010, see details
  • ^ (28 April 2008[update]) see details Archived 19 May 2014 at the Wayback Machine.
  • ^ “ccTLD.su”. Retrieved 23 February 2015.
  • ^ “IDN Code Points Policy for the .TM Top Level Domain” (PDF). Nic.tm. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  • ^ (14 November 2006): see details
  • ^ Traditional Chinese characters: see details
  • ^ “TRUNG TÂM INTERNET VIÊT NAM – Tên mien tieng viet”. Web.archive.org. Archived from the original on 23 January 2007. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  • ^ Restricted to ISPs and other undefined entities. See .zm
  • Internationalized country code top-level domains[edit]

    Source:[46]

    Proposed internationalized ccTLDs[edit]

    Main article: Proposed top-level domain § Internationalized country code top-level domains

    ICANN-era generic top-level domains[edit]

    • Name: DNS name
    • Target market: intended use
    • Restrictions: restrictions, if any, on who can register, and how the domain can be used
    • Operator: entity the registry has been delegated to
    • IDN: support for internationalized domain names (IDN)
    • DNSSEC: presence of DS records for Domain Name System Security Extensions

    English[edit]

    A[edit]

    B[edit]

    C[edit]

    D[edit]

    E[edit]

    F[edit]

    G[edit]

    H[edit]

    I[edit]

    J, K[edit]

    L[edit]

    M[edit]

    N, O[edit]

    P, Q[edit]

    R[edit]

    S[edit]

    T, U, V[edit]

    W, X, Y, Z[edit]

    Chinese[edit]

    French[edit]

    German[edit]

    Hindi[edit]

    Italian[edit]

    Portuguese[edit]

    Spanish[edit]

    Internationalized generic top-level domains[edit]

    All of these TLDs are internationalized domain names (IDN) and support second-level IDNs.

    • Notes: general remarks and intended use
    • DNSSEC: presence of DS records for Domain Name System Security Extensions

    Arabic script[edit]

    Chinese characters[edit]

    Cyrillic script[edit]

    Other script[edit]

    Geographic top-level domains[edit]

    • Name: DNS name
    • Entity: Target geographic area
    • Notes: general remarks
    • IDN: support for internationalized domain names (IDN)
    • DNSSEC: presence of DS records for Domain Name System Security Extensions

    Africa[edit]

    Asia[edit]

    Europe[edit]

    North America[edit]

    Oceania[edit]

    South America[edit]

    Internationalized geographic top-level domains[edit]

    Brand top-level domains[edit]

    • Name: DNS name
    • Entity: company and/or brand
    • Notes: general remarks
    • IDN: support for internationalized domain names (IDN)
    • DNSSEC: presence of DS records for Domain Name System Security Extensions

    Internationalized brand top-level domains[edit]

    Special-Use Domains[edit]

    ICANN/IANA has created some Special-Use domain names which are meant for special technical purposes. ICANN/IANA owns all of the Special-Use domain names.[244]

    See also[edit]

    • Country code top-level domain
    • Generic top-level domain
    • IDN Test TLDs
    • ISO 3166-1 alpha-2, the standard for two-letter country codes, which most ccTLDs are based on
    • Proposed top-level domain
    • Second-level domain, information about .co.jp, .co.uk, .co.kr, .co.nf, etc.

    Notes[edit]

  • ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag Domain registry is operated by United TLD Holdco Ltd. t/a Rightside Registry, a subsidiary of the Rightside Group.
  • ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Operated by Charleston Road Registry, Inc., a subsidiary of Google. See [2].
  • ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p A subsidiary of Minds + Machines Group (formerly Top Level Domain Holdings.)
  • ^ Operating as Afilias Domains No. 5 Limited.
  • ^ Operating as dotCricket
  • ^ Operating as Blue Sky Registry
  • ^ Operating as Half Oaks, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Knob Town, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Steel Falls, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Baxter Hill, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Half Hallow, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Grand Hollow, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Over Galley, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Atomic Madison, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Spring Cross, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Half Sunset, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Atomic Maple, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Delta Dynamite, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Delta Mill, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Foggy Hollow, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Goose Cross, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Wild Corner, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Delta Lake, LLC
  • ^ Operating as New Falls, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Tin Mill, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Sand Cover, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Holly Fields, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Snow Sky, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Black Corner, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Fox Shadow, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Goose Park, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Steel Lake, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Puff Willow, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Trixy Cover, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Fox Orchard, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Silver Avenue, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Pine Mill, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Pine House, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Fox Dynamite, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Magic Woods, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Koko Lake, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Snow Shadow, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Binky Frostbite, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Spring Way, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Pine Fest, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Sand Sunset, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Steel Station, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Tin Birch, LLC
  • ^ Operating as John Edge, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Dash Park, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Half Trail, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Extra Madison, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Holly Hill, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Sugar Cross, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Brice Way, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Spring Madison, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Binky Birch, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Romeo Canyon.
  • ^ Operating as Snow Oaks, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Corn Station, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Trixy Park, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Pioneer Maple, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Spring Falls, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Magic Pass, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Victor Beach, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Atomic Pipe, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Just Maple, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Cotton Cypress, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Just Cover, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Fox Woods, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Brice Orchard, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Fox Station, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Half Cypress, LLC
  • ^ Operating as John Dale, LLC
  • ^ Operating as John Castle, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Lone Fields, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Sugar House, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Goose Sky, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Black Cover, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Over Madison, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Corn Sunset, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Snow Moon, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Pioneer Cypress, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Silver Glen, LLC
  • ^ Operating as John Madison, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Goose Woods, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Sugar Park, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Outer House, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Outer Maple, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Pioneer Willow, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Wild Way, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Holly Glen, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Just Goodbye, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Pine Moon, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Victor Trail, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Trixy Oaks, LLC
  • ^ Operating as John McCook, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Big Fest, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Hidden Frostbite, LLC
  • ^ Operating as June Woods, LLC
  • ^ Operating as John Goodbye, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Fern Pass, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Grand Glen, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Trixy Manor, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Magic Glen, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Sea Goodbye, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Sugar Glen, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Sea Corner, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Foggy Sky, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Foggy Moon, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Snow Galley, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Spring Tigers, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Magic Birch, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Big Pass, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Grand Island, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Big Hollow, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Lone Sunset, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Binky Glen, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Snow Avenue, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Little Galley, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Fox Castle, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Binky Galley, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Fern Madison, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Ruby Town, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Silver Cover, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Atomic Fields, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Half Falls, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Grand Orchard, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Tin Avenue, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Dash Cypress, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Victor Frostbite, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Delta Orchard, LLC
  • ^ Operating as New Cypress, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Outer Moon, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Auburn Bloom, LLC
  • ^ Operating as Pioneer Tigers, LLC
  • References[edit]

  • ^ “IANA — Root Zone Database”. www.iana.org. Retrieved 27 November 2016.
  • ^ “IANA’s list of TLDs in machine-readable format”. Iana.org. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  • ^ “Daily TLD DNSSEC Report”. icann.org. ICANN. 23 April 2018. Retrieved 23 April 2018.
  • ^ “IANA root zone database”. Iana.org. Retrieved 10 November 2015.
  • ^ “Root Zone Database”. Iana.org. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  • ^ “Andorra Telecom trademark domain registration policy”. Nic.ad. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  • ^ “Andorra Telecom trade name registration policy”. Nic.ad. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  • ^ “Rules for .au Domains”.
  • ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj “IANA — Repository of IDN Practices”. iana.org. Retrieved 22 September 2014.
  • ^ “DNS Belgium and IPv6” (PDF). economie.fgov.be. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 2 April 2015.
  • ^ “Domínios .br”. Registro.br.
  • ^ (9 May 2005) for Portuguese (Brazilian) names: see Anúncio 04/05/2005
  • ^ .ca#Canadian Presence Requirements
  • ^ “CZ.NIC – IDN – Internationalized domain names”. Nic.cz. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  • ^ BASE. “BASE (ベイス) | ネットショップを無料で簡単に作成”. BASE (ベイス) | ネットショップを無料で簡単に作成 (in Japanese). Retrieved 2018-05-08.
  • ^ “.eu and IPv6”. EURid. Archived from the original on 16 October 2015. Retrieved 2 April 2015.
  • ^ a b Milton Mueller (2002), Ruling the Root: Internet Governance and the Taming of Cyberspace, Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press, p. 79, ISBN 9780262632980
  • ^ Article 1.9 of Rules and Conditions for GE Domain Names Registration (Recent Georgian version has some updates not causing this article)
  • ^ “Shorter .id domain will be available in Indonesia next year”. Tech in Asia. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  • ^ “Domain chaos spikes e-business ambitions”. Silicon Republic. 17 December 2002. Retrieved 30 December 2012.
  • ^ Information Technology Law: Professional Practice Guide, Dublin: Law Society of Ireland, 2004, p. 23
  • ^ a b c d e f Delegation Signer (DS) record in a root zone is not yet published.
  • ^ Yasuhiro Orange Morishita (2 September 2003). “.JP technical update (RIPE 46 General Meeting)” (PDF). jprs.jp. Japan Registry Service, Co., Ltd. (JPRS). Retrieved 2 April 2017.
  • ^ “.LA – The Official .LA Registry”. La. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  • ^ “How can I get a .mo domain if I’m not in Macau?”. Quora.com. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  • ^ (in Dutch) [3] (SIDN: Ons verhaal), Official website of SIDN
  • ^ “Free Domain Name Pro”. www.freedomain.pro. Retrieved 2018-06-04.
  • ^ “Archived copy”. Archived from the original on 13 January 2015. Retrieved 17 November 2014.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  • ^ “Delegation Record for .PS”. Iana.org. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  • ^ “Notícias – dns.pt”. Dns.pt. Archived from the original on 24 October 2014. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  • ^ “Registrars”. registry.pw. PW Registry. Retrieved 29 March 2017.
  • ^ “Romania Top Level Domain – News”. Rotld.ro. Retrieved 2018-01-08.
  • ^ “Romania Top Level Domain – News”. Rotld.ro. 2016-06-06. Retrieved 2018-01-08.
  • ^ “Romania Top Level Domain – News”. Rotld.ro. Archived from the original on 24 June 2016. Retrieved 8 January 2018.
  • ^ “Beginning of the Landrush phase of second level domain under (.sa)”.
  • ^ a b “DNSSEC is Officially Enabled in Saudi Arabia’s TLD”. Nic.sa. 2017-06-22. Retrieved 2018-01-08.
  • ^ http://www.nic.sa/docs/lectures_and_presentations/IPv6-SaudiNIC_2012.pdf
  • ^ “TLD DNSSEC Report”. ICANN Research. Retrieved 9 September 2014.
  • ^ (21 July 2015), see details
  • ^ “IANA — Report on the Delegation of the .台灣 and .台湾 (“Taiwan”) domains representing Taiwan in Chinese to Taiwan Network Information Center”. Iana.org. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  • ^ “New rules for the registration of domain names under UY” (PDF). Nic.org.uy. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  • ^ “You are being redirected”. Domain.me. Retrieved 2018-01-08.
  • ^ a b ccTLD applicants who have requested the second and final review Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine.
  • ^ “دوت مصر ::: الصفحة الرئيسية”. Dotmasr.eg. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  • ^ “Launch of .भारत Domain name in Devanagari script by Hon’ble MCIT and Law & Justice Shri Ravi Shankar Prasad”. Registry.in. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  • ^ “Resources – ICANN”. Icann.org. Archived from the original on 17 October 2014. Retrieved 19 March 2018.
  • ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm dn do dp dq dr ds dt du dv dw dx dy dz ea eb ec ed ee ef eg eh ei ej ek el em en eo ep eq er es et eu ev ew ex ey ez fa fb fc fd fe ff fg fh fi fj fk fl fm fn fo fp fq fr fs ft fu fv fw fx fy fz ga gb gc gd ge gf gg gh gi gj gk gl gm gn go gp gq gr gs gt gu gv gw gx gy gz ha hb hc hd he hf hg hh hi hj hk hl hm hn ho hp hq hr hs ht hu hv hw hx hy hz ia ib ic id ie if ig ih ii ij ik il im in io ip iq ir is it iu iv iw ix iy iz ja jb jc jd je jf jg jh ji jj jk jl jm jn jo jp jq jr js jt ju jv jw jx jy jz ka kb kc kd ke kf kg kh ki kj kk kl km kn ko kp kq kr ks kt ku kv kw kx ky kz la lb lc ld le lf lg lh li lj lk ll lm ln lo lp lq lr ls lt lu lv lw lx ly lz ma mb mc md me mf mg mh mi mj mk ml mm mn mo mp mq mr ms mt mu mv mw mx my mz na nb nc nd ne nf ng nh ni nj nk nl nm nn no np nq nr ns nt nu nv nw nx ny nz oa ob oc od oe of og oh oi oj ok ol om on oo op oq or os ot ou ov ow ox oy oz pa pb pc pd pe pf pg ph pi pj pk pl pm pn po pp pq pr ps pt pu pv pw px py pz qa qb qc qd qe qf qg qh qi qj qk ql qm qn qo qp qq qr qs qt qu qv qw qx qy qz ra rb rc rd re rf rg rh ri rj rk rl rm rn ro rp rq rr rs rt ru rv rw rx ry rz sa sb sc sd se sf sg sh si sj sk sl sm sn so sp sq sr ss st su sv sw “IANA Root Zone Database”. Iana.org. Retrieved 2018-07-25.
  • ^ “.app”. get.app. Retrieved 2018-05-09.
  • ^ “.ARCHI Online Visibility for Architects Worldwide”. Retrieved 7 October 2014.
  • ^ “.ARCHI policies”. Archived from the original on 11 October 2014. Retrieved 7 October 2014.
  • ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q “Uniregistry IDN Policy”. Uniregistry.link. Archived from the original on 25 June 2014. Retrieved 5 September 2014.
  • ^ “Archived copy” (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 July 2015. Retrieved 21 April 2015.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  • ^ “Starting Dot Registry Policies”. startingdot.com. Archived from the original on 11 April 2015. Retrieved 20 November 2014.
  • ^ “Why .BLACK?”. Black/why-black. Archived from the original on 21 October 2014. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  • ^ “About Knock Knock, WHOIS There”. Retrieved 2 August 2016.
  • ^ “Why .BLUE?”. Dotblue.blue. Archived from the original on 21 October 2014. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  • ^ “.BUILD domain FAQ’s”. Retrieved 19 November 2014.
  • ^ “IANA — .cam Domain Delegation Data”. Iana.org. Retrieved 2018-01-08.
  • ^ “DotCam – DotCam”. Retrieved 3 October 2016.
  • ^ “CancerResearch launch Site”. Home.cancerresearch. Retrieved 2018-01-08.
  • ^ “.CEO Domain Names : .CEO Domains : Register New TLDs”. dynadot.com. Retrieved 19 November 2014.
  • ^ “DotClub FAQ – DotClub”. Retrieved 25 May 2014.
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  • ^ Who is .eco for? .eco Registry. Retrieved on June 26, 2017.
  • ^ About the .eco System .eco Registry. Retrieved on June 26, 2017
  • ^ [ [4] Big Room Inc.] Retrieved on June 26, 2017
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  • ^ Acceptable use and anti-abuse policy Archived 25 November 2014 at Archive.is, nic.green, accessed on line 24 November 2014.
  • ^ “Archived copy” (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 July 2015. Retrieved 21 April 2015.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  • ^ “Why .ink? – .ink”. Nic.ink. Archived from the original on 21 October 2014. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  • ^ Registry agreement for .institute Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine.
  • ^ “What is .jobs?”. Nic.jobs. Archived from the original on 20 February 2008. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  • ^ “Join Law FAQ”. www.join.law. Retrieved 2017-09-23.
  • ^ “.LGBT Acceptable Use Policy”. Archived from the original on 14 March 2015. Retrieved 1 April 2015.
  • ^ “.link Official – Uniregistry”. Nic.link. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  • ^ “Uniregistry extensions and domains”. Retrieved 26 December 2015.
  • ^ “.ORGANIC Eligibility”. Archived from the original on 29 November 2014. Retrieved 18 September 2014.
  • ^ nic.pharmacy Archived 25 February 2015 at the Wayback Machine., accessed on line 1 December 2014.
  • ^ “physio – Network Information Centre”. Nic.physio. Retrieved 2018-01-08.
  • ^ “.physio Eligibility Policy” (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 November 2014. Retrieved 4 November 2014.
  • ^ UPU. “Description of TLD Policies: Criteria for Registration”. E17. Retrieved 1 January 2013.
  • ^ UPU. “Description of TLD Policies:TLD String”. E2. Retrieved 1 January 2013. Only ASCII characters are used
  • ^ NAR Announces Launch of .REALTOR Top-Level Domain Archived 14 December 2014 at the Wayback Machine., realtor.org. Accessed on line 2 December 2014.
  • ^ “Why .RED?”. Get.red. Archived from the original on 12 February 2015. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  • ^ nic.reit, accessed 2 December 2014.
  • ^ “New TLDs this week: .London, .Global and more”. Domain Name Wire – Domain Name News & Views. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  • ^ “CentralNic Account Manager”. Manage.centralnic.com. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  • ^ “A respectful domain name for remembering loved ones”. Retrieved 29 December 2014.
  • ^ “scholarships Registry Agreement”. ICANN. Retrieved 2018-01-08.
  • ^ “Scholarships Domain Names | The .Scholarships Registry”. Nic.scholarships. Retrieved 2018-01-08.
  • ^ “Archived copy” (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 July 2015. Retrieved 21 April 2015.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  • ^ Telnic. “IDN.tel”. Archived from the original on 2 May 2010. Retrieved 2 September 2010.
  • ^ “.VOTE Registration Policy”. Archived from the original on 18 December 2014. Retrieved 18 December 2014.
  • ^ “Zodiac Holdings Limited”. En.nic.wang. Archived from the original on 21 October 2014. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  • ^ “Daily list of new gTLD domain name registrations”. Retrieved 10 November 2014.
  • ^ “Weirdest new gTLD launch yet? .wed launches with a single registrar”. DomainIncite – Domain Name News & Opinion. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  • ^ “.WED Third Level Extensions”. Atgron, Inc Introduces .WED. A New Top Level Domain for Your Wedding. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  • ^ “Resources – ICANN”. Icann.org. Archived from the original on 10 October 2014. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  • ^ “Archived copy” (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 July 2015. Retrieved 21 April 2015.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  • ^ §5, Policy for the Registration of .reise Domain Names[permanent dead link], dotreise GmbH. Accessed on line 2 December 2014.
  • ^ “‘Immo’ as abbreviation for ‘immobiliën’”.
  • ^ “.VOTO Registration Policy”. Archived from the original on 18 December 2014. Retrieved 18 December 2014.
  • ^ “Registrant FAQs”. Archived from the original on 18 December 2014. Retrieved 18 December 2014.
  • ^ General Eligibility Requirements and Principles for the new .LAW and .ABOGADO top-level domains Archived 29 November 2014 at the Wayback Machine., accessed on line 20 November 2014.
  • ^ “Why choose .LTDA?”. .LTDA advantages. Archived from the original on 6 October 2014.
  • ^ “IANA — Repository of IDN Practices”. iana.org. Retrieved 2 December 2014.
  • ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av “Delegated Strings”. Newgtlds.icann.org. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  • ^ a b “Chinese government buys 20,000 new IDN domain names”. Domain Name Wire – Domain Name News & Views. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  • ^ “Google Registry – Google”. Google.com. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  • ^ “dotCapeTown – .CapeTown – The new domain extension for the City of Cape Town”. Nic.capetown. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  • ^ “dotDurban – .Durban – The new domain extension for the City of Durban”. Nic.durban. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  • ^ “dotJoburg – .Joburg – The new domain extension for the City of Johannesburg”. Nic.joburg. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  • ^ IANA – .krd Domain Delegation Data, IANA. Accessed on line 24 November 2014.
  • ^ .krd Network Information Centre, accessed on line 24 November 2014.
  • ^ “About .kyoto”. The Kyoto College of Graduate Studies for Informatics. Retrieved 9 October 2017.
  • ^ “「.nagoya」名古屋のための新ドメイン – GMOドメインレジストリ株式会社”. GMOドメインレジストリ株式会社. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  • ^ IANA – .ryukyu Domain Delegation Data, IANA. Accessed on line 1 December 2014.
  • ^ “.taipei Net Top City”. Archived from the original on 5 November 2014. Retrieved 4 November 2014.
  • ^ “Mission”. Tatar Internet. Retrieved 4 November 2014.
  • ^ “「.tokyo」東京のための新ドメイン – GMOドメインレジストリ株式会社”. GMOドメインレジストリ株式会社. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  • ^ “「.yokohama」横浜のための新ドメイン – GMOドメインレジストリ株式会社”. GMOドメインレジストリ株式会社. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  • ^ IANA — .alsace Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 19 November 2014.
  • ^ amsterdam Top-Level-Domain.
  • ^ (in German) [5]
  • ^ (in German) berlin Top-Level-Domain. Nic.berlin. Retrieved on 25 May 2014.
  • ^ “.brussels is now in the root! – DNS Belgium”. Nic.brussels. Archived from the original on 18 December 2014. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  • ^ IANA — .budapest Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 20 November 2014.
  • ^ (in French) [6]
  • ^ (in Catalan) Fundació punt CAT | A Internet, el català és .cat. Registra ara un domini i identifica’t amb el teu .cat. Fundacio.cat. Retrieved on 25 May 2014.
  • ^ “The New TLDS .koeln & .cologne”. Dot.cologne. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 September 2014. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  • ^ a b “.cymru .wales Our Home Online”. Retrieved 4 November 2014.
  • ^ “.eus Domeinua – .eus – Euskara eta Euskal Kultura Interneten”. Nic.eus. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  • ^ (in Dutch) frl Top-Level-Domain. Nic.frl. Retrieved on 5 September 2014.
  • ^ “Dominio .gal”. Dominio.gal. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  • ^ “Official website of .GENT”. Retrieved 4 November 2014.
  • ^ “The New TLDS .koeln & .cologne”. Dot.koeln. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 October 2014. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  • ^ “The New London Code”. Nic.london. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  • ^ IANA – .madrid Domain Delegation Data, IANA. Accessed on line 24 November 2014.
  • ^ “About TLDs .MOSCOW and .МОСКВА – dotMoscow: .MOSCOW and .МОСКВА TLDs for Russian Capital”. Nic.moscow. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  • ^ IANA – .nrw Domain Delegation Data, IANA. Accessed on line 26 November 2014.
  • ^ “.PARIS, La nouvelle adresse web de Paris”. Retrieved 13 March 2015.
  • ^ “.ruhr”. Dot.ruhr. 5 September 2014. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  • ^ “dotSaarland GmbH”. Retrieved 28 October 2014.
  • ^ “Register .scot domains – Calico .scot domains – dotscot is the new Scottish top level domain”. Calico.scot. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  • ^ “Tirol Domain” (in German). Retrieved 25 November 2014.
  • ^ “.vlaanderen is now in the root! – DNS Belgium”. Nic.vlaanderen. Archived from the original on 21 October 2014. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  • ^ “.wien: punktwien”. Nic.wien. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  • ^ “.zuerich Registry Operator Website”. Retrieved 17 June 2015.
  • ^ IANA – .miami Domain Delegation Data, IANA. Accessed on line 25 November 2014.
  • ^ “.NYC Domain Name Extension – Official Website”. .NYC – The Official Website for the Ultimate New York City Address. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  • ^ “.QUEBEC”. .QUEBEC. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  • ^ “Dot Vegas, Inc”. Dot Vegas, Inc. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  • ^ “About”. Hello.kiwi. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  • ^ Twenty4. “nic.melbourne – Home page”. nic.melbourne. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  • ^ IANA – .sydney Domain Delegation Data, IANA. Accessed on line 2 December 2014.
  • ^ “.LAT Domain – About us”. Retrieved 13 August 2015.
  • ^ “.LAT Domain – FAQs”. Retrieved 13 August 2015.
  • ^ “IANA – .rio Domain Delegation Data”. Retrieved 1 December 2014.
  • ^ IANA – .佛山 Domain Delegation Data, IANA. Accessed on line 2 December 2014.
  • ^ http://nic.москва/
  • ^ “.abc Domain Registration – .abc Domains – American Broadcasting Companies, Inc. Domain Name .abc – Register American Broadcasting Companies, Inc. Domain Name .abc”. www.101domain.com. Retrieved 2018-07-22.
  • ^ IANA — .allfinanz Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 19 November 2014.
  • ^ IANA — .android Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 19 November 2014.
  • ^ IANA — .aquarelle Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 2 December 2014.
  • ^ “dotAXA: AXA Group New Online Space” (PDF). Domains.axa. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  • ^ a b “Barclays begins using .Barclays and .Barclaycard top level domains”. Retrieved 8 August 2015.
  • ^ “FIBA launches .basketball as new digital identity of the global basketball community” (Press release). FIBA. 15 June 2017. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
  • ^ IANA — .bloomberg Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 19 November 2014.
  • ^ “Home dotBMW registry operator”. nic.bmw. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  • ^ IANA — .bnl Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 26 June 2015.
  • ^ “nic.bnpparibas”. Retrieved 4 November 2014.
  • ^ “IANA — .bradesco Domain Delegation Data”. www.iana.org. Retrieved 2016-11-03.
  • ^ IANA — .cal Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 19 November 2014.
  • ^ IANA — .caravan Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 19 November 2014.
  • ^ IANA — .cern Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 20 November 2014.
  • ^ IANA — .chrome Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 20 November 2014.
  • ^ “中国中信集团有限公司”. Nic.citic. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  • ^ IANA — .crs Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 20 November 2014.
  • ^ IANA — .cuisinella Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 20 November 2014.
  • ^ IANA — .dnp Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 20 November 2014.
  • ^ IANA — .dvag Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 20 November 2014.
  • ^ IANA — .edka Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 10 October 2016.
  • ^ IANA — .emerck Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 20 November 2014.
  • ^ IANA — .everbank Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 2 December 2014.
  • ^ IANA — .firmdale Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 24 November 2014.
  • ^ IANA — .flsmidth Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 21 November 2014.
  • ^ “Using the .frogans gTLD”. Nic.frogans. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  • ^ IANA — .gbiz Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 21 November 2014.
  • ^ IANA — .gle Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 21 November 2014.
  • ^ “.globo”. Nic.globo. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  • ^ IANA — .gmail Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 21 November 2014.
  • ^ IANA — .gmo Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 21 November 2014.
  • ^ IANA — .gmx Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 21 November 2014.
  • ^ IANA — Delegation Record for .GOOG. Accessed on line 3 October 2018.
  • ^ IANA — .google Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 21 November 2014.
  • ^ “.hsbc”. Retrieved 15 August 2015.
  • ^ IANA — .ibm Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 24 November 2014.
  • ^ IANA — .kred Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 24 November 2014.
  • ^ IANA — .lacaixa Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 25 November 2014.
  • ^ IANA — .latrobe Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 2 December 2014.
  • ^ a b This domain has been delegated to IRI Domain Management, LLC, a subsidiary of Intellectual Reserve, Inc., which is owned and operated by the LDS Church.
  • ^ IANA — .lds Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 21 November 2014.
  • ^ “MANGO”. Nic.mango. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  • ^ “Home dotMINI registry operator”. Nic.mini. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  • ^ “.monash – Network Information Centre”. Nic.monash. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  • ^ “New gTLD Program : InitialEvaluation Report : Report Date: 10 May 2013” (PDF). Newgtlds.icann.org. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  • ^ IANA — .mormon Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 21 November 2014.
  • ^ “Neustar Launches New TLD .Neustar”. Nic.neustar. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  • ^ IANA — .nexus Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 26 November 2014.
  • ^ IANA — .nhk Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 26 November 2014.
  • ^ “.nico – The Brand TLD for Dwango Co., Ltd”. Dwango Co., Ltd. Retrieved 2 November 2015.
  • ^ IANA — .nra Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 26 November 2014.
  • ^ IANA — .otsuka Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 26 November 2014.
  • ^ “The New OVH Code” (PDF). Nic.ovh. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  • ^ “NIC PIAGET”. Retrieved 17 March 2015.
  • ^ IANA — .pohl Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 1 December 2014.
  • ^ IANA — .praxi Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 1 December 2014.
  • ^ IANA — .prod Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 1 December 2014.
  • ^ NIC PwC. Accessed on line 1 December 2014.
  • ^ https://www.google.de/search?q=site:.SANDVIKCOROMANT
  • ^ “.sap – ICANNWiki”. icannwiki.org. Retrieved 2017-05-23.
  • ^ “.sca”. Retrieved 4 November 2014.
  • ^ IANA — .schmidt Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 2 December 2014.
  • ^ IANA — .seek Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 20 July 2016.
  • ^ IANA — .sohu Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 2 December 2014.
  • ^ IANA — .spiegel Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 2 December 2014.
  • ^ IANA — .suzuki Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 2 December 2014.
  • ^ IANA — .tui Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 19 November 2014.
  • ^ IANA — .uol Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 2 December 2014.
  • ^ IANA — .williamhill Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 2 December 2014.
  • ^ IANA — .wme Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 2 December 2014.
  • ^ IANA — .wtc Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 2 December 2014.
  • ^ “This is .yandex” (PDF). Nic.yandex. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  • ^ IANA — .youtube Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 2 December 2014.
  • ^ “Nic.中信”. nic.中信. Archived from the original Check |url= value (help) on 6 March 2015. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  • ^ IANA — .vermögensberater Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 1 December 2014.
  • ^ IANA — .vermögensberatung Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 1 December 2014.
  • ^ IANA — .グーグル Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 24 November 2014.
  • ^ IANA — .谷歌 Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 24 November 2014.
  • ^ “WHOIS 서비스란?” Check |url= value (help). Whois.nic. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  • ^ “Special-Use Domain Names”. Iana.org. Retrieved 2018-01-08.
  • External links[edit]

    • IANA’s list of TLDs
    • IANA’s list of TLDs in machine-readable format
    • The Internet Domain Survey
    • The Public Suffix List / PSL – Maintained by Mozilla
    • Open Root Server Network’s list of active TLDs
    • Registry Agreements at ICANN
    • Registry Agreement Termination Info Page at ICANN

    Country code top-level domains


    Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Internet_top-level_domains

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